jueves, 21 de febrero de 2013

Incoterms 2013


Incoterms 2013



incoterms claveslos Incoterm constituyen una pieza clave en toda operación comercial ya que determinan el momento exacto de la transmisión del riesgo entre vendedor y comprador. No es lo mismo vender una mercancía por 2.000$ que venderla por 2.000$ en condiciones FOB Algeciras ó en 2.000$ CIF Tokyo, ya que el vendedor correrá, según el incoterm elegido, con una serie de gastos adicionales.
Los Incoterms han sido objeto de una actualización reciente por la Cámara de Comercio Internacional (CCI), con la que se introdujeron nuevos términos y se suprimieron otros, dando lugar a los denominados Incoterms 201o. La trascendencia de esta figura llega también a extremos tan esenciales como son: la confección del DUA o los documentos de Intrastat, cuya última modificación reciente por este motivo la constituye la Resolución de 12 de julio de 2011 (B.O.E. del 15)

Como podemos ver, la elección del Incoterm más adecuado es una tarea esencial para el profesional del comercio exterior a la hora de fijar el precio de exportación, motivo por el cual os he ido recomendando en anteriores ocasiones una serie de utilidades en torno a esta figura que os recuerdo al final de este 
incoterm Indicado post. Pero hoy os voy a hablar de otra nueva herramienta que os puede interesar.
incoterms 2013Se trata de un nuevo Simulador para el Cálculo del Precio de Venta según el Incoterm elegido, una sencilla utilidad que ofrece Inic1a que está basada en la herramienta que ofrece el ICEX dentro del “Pasaporte al Exterior” y que se encuentra en formato Excel.
Esta herramienta permite simular los diferentes márgenes de una venta al exterior, partiendo de un precio de venta estimado, así como compararse con la competencia, si realmente se dispone de esta información.

Casillashay que cumplimentar las casillas en verde, el resto los calculará directamente la herramienta.The Exportersblog is a unique way for you to stay in touch with current issues in international trade. By reading and contributing you can be a part of the story of international trade in the South Pacific. It is the only export blog originating from New Zealand and promotes export success and international trade. It has been set up by the New Zealand School of Export.
Exportation The International Chamber of Commerce ("ICC") (not to be confused with the International Cricket Council) has now released its new "Incoterms 2010" which will come into effect on 1 January 2011.
Incoterms are an internationally agreed interpretation of trade terms to define the responsibility of parties to an international contract of sale.  They were first published by the ICC in 1936.
The release of the new Incoterms has been awaited for some time as its terminology underpins so much of the contractual arrangements relating to international contracts of sale as well as international and domestic freight.
While many of the traditional terms may appear to have been retained, there has been some significant review to the Incoterms so that even terms which have previously been well understood have now been amended.  Accordingly, the new Incoterms warrant close attention. 
Definitions Some of the fundamental changes include the following:
·                          The number of Incoterms has been reduced from 13 to 11.
·                          A number of rules have been revised and adopted to apply to any mode or modes of transport.  These include the following:
-             EXW – Ex Works;
-             FCA – Free Carrier;
-             CPT – Carriage Paid To;
-             CIP – Carriage and Insurance Paid To;
-             DAT – Delivered at Terminal;
-             DAP – Delivered at Place; and
-             DDP – Delivered Duty Paid.
·                          There are rules for sea and inland waterway transport:
-             FAS – Free Alongside Ship;
-             FOB – Free On Board;
-             CFR – Cost and Freight; and
-             CIF – Cost, Insurance and Freight. 
Important aspectsSome important aspects to consider from the new Incoterms are as follows:
·                          There is an entirely new DDP.
·                          There is the new concept of "Free Alongside Ship" which recognises that the older concept of "Free On Board" (with responsibility stopping at some imaginary point where goods cross the ship's rail) may not be entirely practical.
·                          The ICC acknowledges that Incoterms should apply to domestic as well as international sale contracts.  Over time, the previous Incoterms had been applied to domestic contracts and the ICC has recognised that reality.  As a result, many of the Incoterms now refer to obligations as to export or import formalities "as applicable".

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